An area, a term that comes from the Latin area,
is a space or terrain that is delimited in some way, whether
physical or symbolic. Protected, on the other hand, is that
which has protection (protection, protection).
the protected areas in this context are utilities that
are established with the aim of caring for its biodiversity and
natural conditions. These areas are subject to a particular legal regime to
ensure their adequate conservation.
By establishing a protected area, authorities try to minimize the
impact of human action on the environment. It is possible that in a
protected area it is not allowed to build, drive or light a fire, to name a few actions that
There are different kinds of protected areas according to the legislation of
each country. A protected landscape, for
example, is a natural territory that is preserved for its cultural and aesthetic
qualities. In this particular case, the human being may have even intervened
significantly in the environment; However, the combination resulting from its
actions and the response of nature has given a well defined area, with unmatched
beauty and incalculable value from a cultural or ecological point of view.
It is worth mentioning that the protected landscape can be
marine or terrestrial. Among the most significant examples are the Protected
Landscape of Las Lagunetas, located on the island of Tenerife
and the Santa Teresa National Park. The latter is called
"national park" although it is not the category to which it belongs, which is
defined below; the inconsistency is because he was baptized years before the
classification system we use today was implemented.
When you want to contribute to the conservation of the fauna, flora or
geology of a place, you can create a protected area known as an
ecological reserve or natural reserve: the Ecological
Reserve of Buenos Aires (Argentina), the
Sierra Natural Reserve from Malcata (Portugal), etc.
The national park is another type of protected area that has
an extraordinary legal status. These are spaces in which there
are one or more ecosystems that are not significantly threatened by human
action, since it does not exploit or occupy them to the point of being able to
alter them considerably. Some of the most important examples within this
category are the Cabo Polonio National Park in Uruguay, the
Table Mountain National Park in South
Africa and the Lake Tai
National Park in China.
In national parks we can find animal and plant species, habitats and
geomorphological sites of great interest to science, the field of
education or even the recreation industry. It goes without saying that the beauty of
these landscapes has almost no rivals, and that is why they are often used by
filmmakers to impact the public with scenarios that often seem like fantasy for
those who have never left the city.
Another space that we can consider within the group of protected areas is
the natural monument, where it is common to find one or more
well-defined natural elements that represent incalculable value at the national
level, such as threatened habitats —both plant and animal species—, a site seen
only there or very particular geological formations. In the same way as in most
of the previous cases, the intervention of the human being in a natural monument is not
always allowed, or it must be submitted to a very strict level of control and it
cannot be on a large scale.