Argument is a term that comes from the Latin word argumentum. It
is the reasoning that is used to demonstrate or prove a
proposition or to convince another person of what is affirmed
For example: "Before you get angry, you should listen to my arguments", "You
cannot defend a similar idea without any argument", "The argument
given by the manager to explain the decision did not satisfy anyone", "Dr.
López trusts that his argument will allow to obtain the benefit ”.
the argument is the expression, either oral or written, of reasoning. It
allows justifying something as a reasonable action with two possible purposes: persuading
another subject (to promote a certain action) or transmitting a
content with a sense of truth (promoting understanding).
An argument must be coherent and consistent, without exhibiting
contradictions. Only in this way will it achieve its objectives, otherwise it
will be contested or rejected by the receiver.
This term that concerns us we have to say that it becomes an element of great
value within the judicial sphere. And it is precisely the arguments that will
become the key for a lawyer to be able to demonstrate the innocence of his
client or, in the contrary case, the guilt of the accused against whom his
defendant is going.
In any of the two situations, what is clear is that before the judge the
lawyer must present solid and irrefutable arguments that make it clear that what
he defends is the absolute truth.
Specifically, among the main arguments that the defense can use to achieve
“victory” in the trial are the alibi, the procedural irregularity, the
justification ground or the grounds for exemption from criminal liability. This
last element is the one in which the accused acknowledges having committed the
crime but also the one that was impossible for him to avoid due to a loss of
consciousness, to being coerced, to suffering from dementia or to having a
decrease in capacity.
For logic, an argument is a set of premises
followed by a conclusion. When this conclusion necessarily follows
from the premises, we are talking about a deductively valid argument.
Another use of argument is linked to the subject matter or subject
matter in a work. When a person narrates the plot of a movie or a
book, what he does is expose the main ideas and actions: "It is a very well
acted comedy, but with a predictable plot", "The plot of the
filmmaker's new movie caused a great controversy in the Arab world ”.
In this case, it must be stated that the term argument is often confused with
those of synopsis and summary. However, the differentiation that can be made is
• Argument, with which in a few lines an attempt is made to express what subject
the work is about.
• Synopsis, consists of making a brief account of the book or the movie, giving
an account of the names of some characters or more specific details.
• Summary, follows the lines of the synopsis but is longer than it.